open pit strip mining

Open-pit mining (also known as open-cut mining or opencast mining) is a type of strip mining in which the ore deposit extends very deep in the ground necessitating the removal of layer upon layer of overburden and ore An ore is a type of rock that contains minerals with important elements including metals The ores are extracted through Feb 10 2020Surface mining- Surface mining can be defined as the extraction of valuable mineral/ore from the Earth in which mineral/ore is situated in shallow depth Classification of Surface Mining Methods- 1 Mechanical Extraction Method- 2 Aqueous Extra

i) Mechanical excavation methods such as Open

Strip Ratio (SR) When speaking of an open pit mine the term strip ratio is used This is simply Strip Ratio (SR) is the mass of waste to be mined to obtain one unit mass of ore Open Cast Mining/Strip Mining Introduction As the name speaks it is a surface mining system in which deposit is opened to

Underground versus Open Pit Mining If you scan any news source these days you will find countless stories about the world's unquenchable desire for mineable resources like oil coal and precious metals Recently Firwin has begun to extend its reach into the ever-growing world of mining With this in mind we thought this would be the

Pit mining Sometimes valuable geologic resources appear at the surface of the Earth but extend deeper into the Earth — sort of a tip-of-the-iceberg kind of thing In this situation pit mining (also called open-pit mining) is an option Pit mining involves digging a large hole to

Mar 04 2020This type of mining is only effective in areas where mineral deposits are very close to the surface making it feasible to quickly and easily remove the overburden to get to them Classically strip mining is used to mine tar sand and coal This technique is also referred to as open cast open

Feb 22 2020Just like the name suggests open-pit mining is a type of mining operation that involves the digging of an open pit as a means of gaining access to a desired material This is a type of surface mining that involves the extraction of minerals and other materials that are conveniently located in close proximity to the surface of the mining site


Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands

SURFACE MINING ≠ STRIP MINING Although sometimes mistakenly referred to as strip mining oil sands is actually mined from an open-pit below several meters of overburden Strip mining is the mining of a relatively flat deposit very close to the surface commonly used in coal or phosphate industries

Open pit strip mining in Colstrip Montana Photo by P Primo All free photos on this site are public domain Please consider giving a credit hyperlink to https // if you use the photos on this site using the attribution code in the below box It

Mar 14 2014The most predominant surface mining methods used for mining of iron ores are open pit mining methods and open cut mining methods However a few underground iron ore mines are also in operation around the globe The decision for employing surface mining or underground mining is dependent on the proximity of the ore body to the surface

Auger mining It is a surface mining technique used to recover additional coal from a seam located behind a highwall produced either by stripping or open-pit mining Auger mining is especially employed when contour strip mining has been exhausted and the removal of overburden to access additional coal no longer becomes economically feasible

Open-pit mining is a method in which an ore is removed by digging a pit in the ground and is used to remove copper gold iron as well as non-metallic minerals It is normally used when the rock layer above the ore is too weak to allow underground tunnels

These mining categories are strip mining open-pit mining mountaintop removal dredging and high wall mining All methods of surface mining will remove the waste material or overburden above the desired resource Surface mining is often preferred to sub-surface (underground mining) by mining companies for several reasons It is less

Apr 02 2018What is open pit mining Open pit mines are those mining operations that take place on the surface unlike the underground mines This is possible when the reservoir sprouts on the surface or at a very small depth It began to be realized in the middle of the XVI century and it

Open-pit mining is one of the most commonly used techniques to extract minerals from the Earth The process which is also known as "opencast mining " "open-cut mining" and "strip mining " is used when deposits are located close to the surface and entails digging or

BENCHMARKING THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF

into components for open-pit mining and milling/concentrator facilities Open-Pit Mining (Gold Iron Ore and Oil Sands) Milling/Concentrator (Gold and Iron Ore) Total Complex For the total complexes the unit energy costs and consumption will be based on a roll-up of the above Given that some milling/concentrator operations process ore from more

Sep 24 20155 Chief Pros and Cons of Strip Mining Sep 24 2015 Aug 29 2015 by Editor in Chief It's a method referred to as open cast open cut or stripping First the trees shrubs and other structures in the area to be mined are removed – a task accomplished with heavy duty bulldozers Holes are then drilled for the placement of explosives

The biggest iron mine The worlds biggest open pit iron mine can be found near Hibbing Minnesota At its maximum the area covered by the Hull Rust open pit mine is five miles (8km) long 2 miles (3 2km) wide and 535 feet (180m) deep It looks like a man-made Grand Canyon of over 2 000 acres (8 1km)

1 1 3 1 Open-pit mining Open-pit mining is a type of strip mining in which the ore deposit extends very deep in the ground necessitating the removal of layer upon layer of overburden and ore In many cases logging of trees and clear-cutting or burning of vegetation above the ore deposit

Open Pit Mining Open pit mining also known as strip mining is the removal of surficial soils and uneconomic rock to get at the ore below Ore grades are normally less than 0 5% This is type of mining is only possible if the uranium ore is near the surface (normally less than 400 ft)

Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia 5 2 Open cut mining methods strip mining Large-scale open cut coal mining operations commenced in Australia in mid 1960s and since then there has been significan t developments in this method of mining The mines are now operating at significantly higher annual tonnages growing deeper more complex and

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